♡ Dervish


The Persian word darvīsh (درویش) is of ancient origin and descends from a Proto-Iranian word that appears in Avestan as drigu-, “needy, mendicant”. The Iranian word is probably further cognate with theVedic Sanskrit word adhrigu-, an epithet of uncertain meaning applied to several deities. The Vedic word is probably to be analysed as a-dhrigu-, that is “not dhrigu-,” perhaps “not poor”, i.e. “rich.” The existence of this Vedic cognate suggests that the institution of the holy mendicant was as prominent among the ancient Indo-Iranian people as it has been historically in later Iran in the form of dervish brotherhoods and also in India in the form of the various schools ofsannyasisFile:Preziosi - Derviş cerşetor.jpgHowever, because the etymology of the word is not apparent from the point of view of the modern Persian language, there have been attempts to make the parts of the word interpretable in terms of contemporary words and with reference to Sufic mystical concepts. Dar in Persian means “a door”, so Dervish is said to literally mean “one who opens the doors”. The Persian word also gives terms for “ascetic” in some languages, as in the Urdu phrase darveshaneh tabi’at, “an unflappable or ascetic temperament”.

Religious practice

Many Dervishes are mendicant ascetics who have taken a vow of poverty, unlikemullahs. The main reason they beg is to learn humility, but Dervishes are prohibited to beg for their own good. They have to give the collected money to other poor people. Others work in common professions; Egyptian Qadiriyya – known in Turkey as Kadiri – are fishermen, for example.

File:A Pakistani Punjabi Dervish.jpg

A Pakistani Dervish atTulambah in May 2008

Some classical writers indicate that the poverty of the Dervish is not merely economic.Saadi, for instance, who himself travelled widely as a dervish, and wrote extensively about them, says in his Gulistan,

Of what avail is frock, or rosary,
Or clouted garment? Keep thyself but free
From evil deeds, it will not need for thee
To wear the cap of felt: a darwesh be
In heart, and wear the cap of Tartary.

Rumi writes in Book 1 of his Masnavi,

Water that’s poured inside will sink the boat

While water underneath keeps it afloat.

Driving wealth from his heart to keep it pure

King Solomon preferred the title ‘Poor’:

That sealed jar in the stormy sea out there

Floats on the waves because it’s full of air,

When you’ve the air of dervishood inside

You’ll float above the world and there abide…

Dervish puppets (Mevlâna mausoleum,Konya, Turkey)

There are various orders of Dervishes, almost all of which trace their origins from various Muslim saints and teachers, especially Ali andAbu Bakr. Various orders and suborders have appeared and disappeared over the centuries. Rifa’iyyah Dervishes spread into North Africa, Turkey, the BalkansIranPakistanIndiaAfghanistanand Tajikistan.[clarification needed]

Other groups include the Bektashis, connected to the janissaries, andSenussi, who are rather orthodox in their beliefs. Other fraternities and subgroups chant verses of the Qur’an, play drums or dance vigorously in groups, all according to their specific traditions. Some practice quiet meditation, as is the case with most of the Sufi orders in South Asia, many of whom owe allegiance to, or were influenced by, the Chishti order. Each fraternity uses its own garb and methods of acceptance and initiation, some of which may be rather severe.


File:Whriling dervishes, Rumi Fest 2007.jpg

Whirling dervishes, Rumi Fest 2007

Main article: Sufi whirling

The whirling dance or Sufi whirling that is proverbially associated with Dervishes is best known in the West by the practices (performances) of the Mevlevi order in Turkey, and is part of a formal ceremony known as the Sama. It is, however, also practiced by other orders. The Sama is only one of the many Sufi ceremonies performed to try to reach religious ecstasy (majdhbfana). The name Mevlevi comes from the Persian poet, Rumiwho was a Dervish himself. This practice, though not intended as entertainment, has become a tourist attraction in Turkey.

Historical and political use of the term

File:Dervish, 1913.jpg

A Palestinian Dervish in 1913

File:Somali warriors board British naval batilla.jpg

Somali Dervish soldiers engage their Britishcounterparts at sea.

Various western historical writers have sometimes used the term dervish rather loosely, linking it to, among other things, the Mahdist uprising in SudanMohammed Abdullah Hassan‘s 1920 conflict with British forces inSomalia, and other rebellions against colonialpowers.

File:Mahdist in the Khalifa's house, Omdurman, Sudan.png

A Mahdist Dervish in Omdurman, Sudan

In such cases, the term “Dervishes” may have been used as a generic (and often pejorative) term for the opposing Islamic entity and all members of its military, political and religious institutions, including persons who would not be considered “Dervishes” in the strict sense. (For example, a contemporary British drawing of the fighting in Sudan was entitled “The defeat of the Dervishes at Toski”, see History of Sudan (1884–1898)#British response.)


File:Keskul GrantBowl.JPG

Sufi kaskuls were often made from acoco de mer which ordinary beggars would have difficulty to find

While commonly the term dervish is used to describe beggars, a differentiation between mendicant Dervishes and common beggars can be made:

“While they walk around praising the Lord, anyone according to his own desire may voluntarily drop some coins in it (a kashkul)… a real dervish who wears the proper robe and carries the kashkul does not beg, nor does he make any demands.”


Iraq Persia :Afghanistan /Baluchistan/Iran Middle East
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Sri Lanka USA Singapore/Malaysia
Daftar e Jeelani۞ Chasm e Arifien of Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin (RA) Hazrat Muhammad Raheem Bawa Muhaiyaddeen ۞ Hazrat Habib Nuh (RA) of Singapore۞ Bibi Sharifah Ruqaiyah (RA) 

 ۞ Hazrat Al Habib As Syed Abdur Rahman bin Salim Al Habsyi 

۞ Al Habib As Syed Omar bin Aljunied

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۞ Al Imam Al Faqih Haji Abdul Jalil 


Egypt Pakistan/ Bangladesh
۞ Hazrat Dhun Nun Misri (RA)     ۞ Hazrat Bahauddin Zakriya (RA) ۞ Hazrat Ibrahim Garamseel (RA)  ۞ Hazrat Shahbaz Qalandar (RA)  

۞ Hazrat Sheikh Ali Juwalqi (RA)    

۞ Hazrat Data Ganj Baksh Lahori (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Baba Bulleh Shah (RA)  

 ۞ Hazrat Shah Hussain (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Shakar Ganj (RA)        


۞ Abdullah Shah Ghazi, Clifton, Karachi 

۞ Haji Turabi, Gujjo Village, National Highway 

۞ Mai Makli, Makli 

۞ Abdullah Shah Sahabi, Makli 

۞ Pir Patho Debali, Pir Patho Village 

۞ Shah Jamil Datar Girnari, Pir Patho Village 

۞ Shah Inayat, Miranpur near Pir Patho Village 

۞ Shah Murad Shah Sherazi, Makli 

۞ Makhdoom Mohammad Hashim Thatvi, Makli 

۞ Hazrat Magar Been, Village Jati 

۞ Shah Aqeeq, Taluka Shah Bunder 

۞ Makhdoom Fatehuddin Shah Jehanian 

۞ Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Village Bhit Shah 

۞ Makhdoom Nuh, Hala Town 

۞ Syed Abdul Wahab Shah Jilani 

۞ Hazrat Muhammad Shah Makki 

۞ Shah Karim, Bulri Township 

۞ Khawaja Abdul Rehman, Wasih Malukshah 

۞ Syed Qasim Shah Bokhari 

۞ Mohammad Usman Marwandi (Lal Shahbaz Qalander) Sehwan Sharif 

۞ Makhdoom Bilawal Shaheed 

۞ Shah Sadar Lakyari 

۞ Sikander Shah Bodlo, Sehwan Sharif 

۞ Naeeng Sharif 

۞ Abdullah Shah Godrio, Maher Taluka 

۞ Shah Khairuddin Jilani 

۞ Syed Rashid Shah Pir Pagaro, Pir Goth 

۞ Fazil Shah, Village Ghosarji 

۞ Nahro Shah, Ghotki 

۞ Mubarak Shah, Village Adalpur, Ghotki Taluka 

۞ Asghar Ali Shah Jam Dattar 

۞ Abdul Wahab Faruqi (Sachal Sarmast), Darza 

۞ Sultan Ibrahim Bin Adam 

۞ Khawaja Mohammad Zaman, Luari Sharif 

۞ Syed Saman Sarkar, Panjrio Town 

۞ Makhdoom Shaheed Abdul Rahim Girohi, Girohri Sharif 

۞ Mai Sohni and Mehiwal, Shadapur 

۞ Makhdoom Abdul Ghafoor Humayuni 

۞ Syed Razi Shah Lakyari, Nawankot Town 

۞ Hazrat Abul Fateh Ruknuddin (Shah Rukn-e-Alam) 

۞ Shamsuddin Sabzwari (Shams Tabrez) 

۞ Mohammad Yusuf Gardezi 

۞ Shaikh Abul Hassab (Musapak Shaheed) 

۞ Shrine of Totla Mai 

۞ Shah Ali Akbar 

۞ Muluk Shah 

۞ Channar Pir, Cholistan 

۞ Khawaja Noor Mohammad 

۞ Mohkam Din, Khanqah Sharif 

۞ Syed Jalaluddin Munir Shah Surkh Bukhari 

۞ Hazrat Jalaluddin Bukhari (Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht) 

۞ Shaikh Saifuddin Ghazrooni 

۞ Syed Mohammad ghuos Jilani Hallabi 

۞ Makhdoom Hazrat Bhawal Haleem 

۞ Bibi Javindi 

۞ Syed Ahmad Sultan (Sakhi Sarwar Sultan) 

۞ Khawaja Farid, Mithankot 

۞ Shaikh Ali Bin Usman Al-Hajveri (Data Ganj Bakhsh) 

۞ Mir Mohammad (Mian Mir) 

۞ Shah Hussain (and Madho Lal) 

۞ Sher Mohammad, Village Sharqpur 

۞ Baba Bulhey Shah 

۞ Sheikh Fariduddin Masud Ganj-e-Shakar (Baba Farid Shah Ganj), Pak Pattan 

۞ Sakhi Ghulam Qadir , Pak Pattan 

۞ Syed Imam Ali Lahaq 

۞ Hazrat Shahdoula 

۞ Shah Abdul Latif Kazmi (Barri Shah Latif) 

Rawalpindi District 

۞ Pir Mehar Ali Shah, Golra Sharif 

Jhang District 

۞ Sultan Bahu, Garh Maharaj Heer Ranja 

Chakwal District 

۞ Sheikh Abdul Kadir Jilani, Kallar Kahar 

۞ Saidan Shah, Village Choa 


۞ Lahoot Sharif (Lahoot-i-Lamakan) 

۞ Shah Bilal Noorani (Jeay Shah) 

Khuzdar District 

۞ Khalifa Mulli Muali, Kodak 

Pishin District 

۞ Masoom Baba Pir Lakha 

Chagai District 

۞ Pir Sultan Qaiser 

Loralai District 

۞ Mian Abdul Hakim (Nana Sahib), Dakki 

Sibi District 

۞ Baba Kharwari, Ziarat 


۞ Rehman Baba, Peshawar 

۞ Pir Baba, Swat 


 ۞ Hazrat Jamaluddin Mujarrad (RA) 



Auliyas of India

۞ Hazrat Malik Dinar (RA)۞ Hazrat Tabl-e-Alam Badushah Nathar Vali (RA)  ۞ Hazrat Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin (RA)     

۞ Hazrat  Baba Hyder Auliya (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Baba Yusuf Qattal Husaini (RA)     

۞ Hazrat Baba Tawakkal Mastan Sha Suharwardy (RA) 

 ۞ Hazrat Baba Manik Mastan Sha Suharwardy  (RA)   

۞Hazrat Khwaja Sabir Alauddin Auliya (RA) 

 ۞ Hazrat Khwaja Shamshuddin Turk Panipati (RA)   

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Nasiruddin Chiragi (RA)  

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Banda Nawaz (RA)  

۞ Hazrat Mohammed Ghouse Nakshbandi (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Khadar Vali Nagori (RA)

۞ Hazrat Syed Zahooruddin Shah Rafai (RA) of Chenpatna     

۞ Hazrat Baba Tajuddin (RA)  

۞ Hazrat Waris Ali Shah(RA)  

۞ Hazrat Syed Aqil Shah Qadri baghdadi (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Meeran Jan Pak Qalandar (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Miskin Sha Qalandar (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Chingi Deewan Sha (RA)

۞ Hazrat Syed Fareeduddin Boodla Sha Qalandar (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Syed Karam Ali Sha Qalandar (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Syed Huzoor Ali Sha Qalandar (RA) 

۞ Hazrat Yaqin Sha Qadiri (RA) of Chikmagalur

۞ Hazrat Bod Ali Sha Qalandar (RA)

۞ Hazrat Karam Ali Sha Qalandar (RA)

۞ Hazrat Huzoor Ali Sha (RA)

۞ Hazrat  Baba Rumi (RA)

۞ Hazrat Syed Baba Tawakkal  Mastan Sha Suharwardy (RA)

۞ Hazrat Syed Baba Manik Mastan Sha Suharwardy (RA)

۞ Hazrat Syed Baba Tipu Mastan Auliya (RA)

۞ Hazrat Mir Bahadur Sha Al Maroof  Syed Pacha Qadiri (RA)



۞ Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti  Ajmeri (RA)  ۞ Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyaar  (RA)  ۞ Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya (RA)

۞ Hazrat Sabir Alauddin Kaliyari (RA)

۞ Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragi Dehalvi (RA)

۞ Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk Panipati (RA)

۞ Hazrat Jamuluddin Kabirul Auliya (RA)

۞ Hazrat Bu Ali Sha (RA)

۞ Hazrat Qamar Ali Darwesh (RA)

 ۞ Hazrat Mastan Vali (RA)

 ۞ Hazrat Syed Ali Shah Chisti ul Qadri (RA) & Bibi Maryam Bi (RA)

 ۞ Hazrat Syed Khadar Mohiuddin Sha Qadri (RA)

 ۞ Hazrat Syed Abu Bakkar Qadri Yamani Al Maroof Yasin Vali (RA) of Tadipatri.

۞ Hazrat Baba Qadir Taji Awliya (RA)

۞   Hazrat Payamuddin alias Baba Rishi Tang-Marg,Kashmir

۞  Hazrat Syed Mohammed Sharieful Madani (RA) of Ullal, Mangalore

۞ Hazrat Syed Peeran Sha Vali  Mazjoob  (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Syed Meeran Sha Vali   (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Syed Ali Sha Qadri (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Syed Bismillah Ali Sha Qadri (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Faiz Ali Sha Chisty (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Shawar Ali Sha Chisty (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Hazrat Khwaja Lahoot Ali Sha Chisty (RA) of Ramanagaram

۞ Majzoob e Haq Hazrat Mastan Vali of Kothacheruvu 

32 thoughts on “♡ Dervish”

  1. Can you dance and twirl like in the video?

  2. fascinating synchronicity… yesterday I was trying to explain the mystical origins of the whirling dervishes to someone who only knew of them pejoratively, and today I stumble on your wonderful and authoritative information. Thank you

  3. Ah, now I know where the term whirling dervish comes from.

    Way more profound than I had expected.

    Thank you.

  4. great post!

  5. very very nice info on dervishes..where do you get this vast info from? amazing amazing work

  6. Whooh! I don’t know how they twirl like that without getting dizzy. Most of us would get the spins and lose balance! Beautiful article.

  7. Dervish world is enigmatic for most. Maybe because it’s so simple.

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