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ISLAMIC EXPRESSIONS

There are a number of different collections

of Islamic terms and common expressions. Here is a collection that I

have found to be most useful to explain common expressions and

terminology used by Muslims.

 

ALAYHIS SALAM-

‘Peace be upon him’, a formula used after the name of a prophet

 

AMEEN-

The Arabic expression meaning ‘Please accept.’ Used at the end of prayers and supplictions.

 

ASSALAMU ALAYKUM

‘Peace be upon you’ the greeting of the muslim

[the

reply is ‘wa alaikumus salam’ which means ‘and peace be upon you. The

fuller version reads, ‘assalam u alaikum wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu’

which means ‘peace be upon you and the blessings and mercy of Alllah’

the reply is ‘wa alaikumus salam wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu’]

 

ALLAHU AKBAR

The Arabic expression meaning ‘Allah is greater.’ Also called the takbir

 

ALLAHU ALAM-

An Arabic expression meaning ‘Allah knows best’

 

AL HAMDU LILAH WA SHUKRU LILLAH-

The Arabic expression meaning which means ‘Praise belongs to Allah and all thanks to Allah’

 

ASTAGFURALLAH-

The Arabic expression meaning ‘I ask forgiveness of Allah’

 

AUDHU BILLAHI MIN ASH SHAYTAN AR RAJIM-

The Arabic expression meaning ‘I seek protection in Allah from the accursed satan.’

 

BARAKALLAH FIK-

An

expression which means ‘May the blessings of Allah be upon you.’ When a

muslims wants to thank another person, he uses different statements to

express his thanks, appreciation and gratitude. One of them is

BarakAllah

 

BISMILLAH AR RAHMAN AR RAHIM-

The basmala. ‘In the name of Allah, the all Merciful the all Compassionate.’

[this is also translated as in the name of Allah most gracious most merciful]

 

Bi’idhnillah

“With Allah’s Permission”

similar to previous

 

FI AMAN-ALLAH-

Valedictory phrase meaning ‘In Allahs protection’

 

FI SABIL-ALLAH-

The Arabic expression meaning ‘In the way of Allah’, ‘For the cause of Allah’ [also used to mean ‘for the love of Allah’]

 

INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAYHI RAJIUN-

This

is something which a muslim expresses when he is afflicted by a

misfortune, the meaning of which is ‘We are from Allah and to Him are

we returning.’ It is taken from an ayat (verse) from the Quran (ch 2 vs

156).

[this is usually said upon hearing of the death of an individual]

 

INSHALLAH-

The Arabic expression meaning ‘If Allah wills’

[this is usually said when referring to a situation in the future e.g. inshAllah I will go to the grocery shop tomorrow etc]

 

JAZAK ALLAHU KHAIRAN-

This

is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to a person who

does a favour. Instead of saying ‘shukran’ (thanks), this phrase is

used. It means ‘May Allah reward you with good.

 

Jihad

Striving/Struggle for Islam, (NOT holy war!)

 

LA HAWLA WALA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH-

The

meaning of this expression is ‘There is no power nor strength save in

Allah’. This is said by a muslim when he is struck with calamity, or is

taken over by a situation beyond his control.

 

La Ilaha Illallah

“There is no God except Allah.”

 

 

Lihub-bullah

“For the love of Allah”

When having love for someone

 

MA SALAMA-

‘With peace’, a formula for ending letters

 

MA SH’ALLAH-

A phrase literally meaning ‘What Allah wishes’, and it indicates a good omen

[example of usage, I get an A in a test, my mother would say MashAllah]

 

Na-uzu-billah

I seek refuge with AllahWhen unpleasantness occurs

 

RADIYALLAHU ANHA-

The formula ‘May Allah be pleased with her’ used after a female companion

[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]

 

RADIYALLAHU ANHU-

This

is an expression to be used by muslims whenever a name of a companion

of the Prophet Muhammed is mentioned or used in writing. IT means ‘May

Allah be pleased with him’ [usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]

 

RADIYALLAHU ANHUM-

The formula, ‘May Allah be pleased with them’, used after a group of companions [usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]

 

RAHIMAHULLAH

The formula, ‘May Allah have mercy on him’

 

SALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM-

May Allah bless him and grant him peace‘, the formula spoken after the mentioning of the Prophet Muhammed

[usually

the following two sets of abbreviations are used for this phrase (pbuh)

which means ‘peace be upon him’ and is the technical reply for all

Prophets or (saws) the correct suffix when referring to the Prophet

Muhammed ]

 

SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH-

‘Allah heard him

who send praise to Him’, said by someone praying when he rises from

ruku (unless he is following an imam in prayer)

[if he is following an imam in prayer he says ‘Rabana wala kalhamd’ only]

 

SUBHAN’ALLAH

‘Glorified

is Allah.’ To honour Allah andmake Him free from all (unsuitable evil

things) that are ascribed to Him, (or ‘Glorified be Allah’)

 

SUBHANAHU WA TA’ALA

‘Glorified

is He and exalted,’ an expression that muslims use when the name of

Allah is pronounced or written [this us usually abbreviated as (swt)]

 

TA’ALA-

‘Exalted is He’, an expression used after the name of Allah is mentioned

[i.e. Allah Ta’ala meaning, Allah, exalted be He]

 

TABARAKALLAH-

The formula ‘Blessed is Allah’ [usually used in the context of when one hears good news]

 

Wassalaam

“And peace”

used when leaving/departing from someone

 

Wa iyyakum

“And you too”

response to ‘jazak Allahu khairan’

 

Yar-hamok-Allah

 

“Allah have mercy on you”

Say this when someone else sneezes, after

you hear them say “Alhamdulillah”