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☀ ☀ Chapter: WOMEN (An-Nisa): Verse 05 ☀☀

•••► Holding the Property of the Unwise in Escrow

وَلَا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَامًا وَارْزُقُوهُمْ فِيهَا وَاكْسُوهُمْ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَّعْرُوفًا

And give not unto the foolish your property which Allah has made a means of support ☀for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.

اور اپنے وہ مال جنہیں الله نے تمہاری زندگی کے قیام کا ذریعہ بنایا ہے بے سمجھو کے حوالے نہ کرو البتہ انہیں ان مالوں سے کھلاتے او رپہناتے رہو اور انہیں نصیحت کی بات کہتے رہو

☀☀ Brief Explanation (Tafseer) ☀☀
•••► Allah says;

وَلاَ تُؤْتُواْ السُّفَهَاء أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَاماً …

And give not unto the unwise your wealth which Allah has made a means of support for you,
Allah prohibited giving the unwise the freedom to do as they wish with wealth, which Allah has made as a means of support for people.
• This ruling sometimes applies because of being young, as young people are incapable of making wise decisions.
• It also applies in cases of insanity, erratic behavior and having a weak intellect or religious practice.
• It applies in cases of bankruptcy, when the debtors ask that the property of a bankrupt person is put in escrow, when his debts cannot be paid off with his money.

☀ Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn Abbas said that Allah’s statement, وَلاَ تُؤْتُواْ السُّفَهَاء أَمْوَالَكُمُ (And give not unto the unwise your property)
refers to children and women.
Similar was also said by

Ibn Mas`ud, Al-Hakam bin Uyaynah, Al-Hasan and Ad-Dahhak:
“Women and boys.”

☀ Sa`id bin Jubayr said that
`the unwise’ refers to the orphans.

Mujahid, Ikrimah and Qatadah said;
“They are women.”
Spending on the Unwise with Fairness

•••► Allah said,
… وَارْزُقُوهُمْ فِيهَا وَاكْسُوهُمْ وَقُولُواْ لَهُمْ قَوْلاً مَّعْرُوفًا ﴿٥﴾
but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.

☀ Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn Abbas commented,
“Do not give your wealth, what Allah has made you responsible for and made a means of sustenance to you, to your wife or children. Rather, hold on to your money, take care of it, and be the one who spends on them for clothes, food and provision.”

☀ Mujahid said that the Ayah, وَقُولُواْ لَهُمْ قَوْلاً مَّعْرُوفًا (and speak to them words of kindness and justice),
refers to kindness and keeping good relations.

This honorable Ayah commands kind treatment, in deed, with family and those under one’s care. One should spend on them for clothes and provisions, and be good to them, such as saying good words to them…..(S.S)