Constipation occurs for many different reasons. Stress, lack of exercise, certain medications, artificial sweeteners and a diet that’s lacking fiber or fluids can each be the culprit. Certain medical conditions, such as an underactive thyroid, irritable bowel syndrome, diabetes and cancer, also can cause constipation. Even age is a factor. The older we get, the more prone we are to the problem.And constipation is a problem, although it’s not an illness. It’s simply what happens when bowel movements are delayed, compacted and difficult to pass. Once you understand the basics of constipation, it’s possible to treat it. Depending on the severity of the case, it may respond to simple home remedies, or it may require medical intervention.It’s not a good idea to use laxatives as the first line of attack when you’re constipated. They can become habit-forming to the point that they damage your colon. Some laxatives inhibit the effectiveness of medications you’re already taking, and there are laxatives that cause inflammation to the lining of the intestine.Intake of refined and rich foods lacking in vitamins and minerals, insufficient intake of water, consumption of meat in large quantities, excessive use of strong tea and coffee, inadequate chewing, overeating and wrong combination of foods, irregular habits of eating and drinking may all give to poor bowel function.Pears are useful in the treatment of constipation. Patients suffering from chronic constipation must accept an exclusive diet of this fruit or it’s juice for a few days, but in normal cases, a medium-sized pear taken after dinner or with breakfast will have the desired effect.Guava is another helpful remedy for constipation. When eaten with seeds, it provides roughage to the diet and helps in the standard evacuation of the bowels. One or two guavas should be taken daily.Orange is also beneficial in the constipation treatment. Taking one or two oranges at bedtime and again on increasing in the morning is an excellent way of stimulating the bowels. The all-purpose stimulating influence of orange juice stimulates peristaltic activity and helps prevent the accumulation of food residue in the colon.Food must be properly chewed. Hurried meals and meals at odd times must be avoided. Sugar and sugary foods should be severely avoided. Foods which constipate are all products made of white flour, rice, bread, pulses, cakes, pastries, cheese, fleshy foods, preserves, white sugar, and hard-boiled eggs.Toning up the muscles also facilitates in the treatment of constipation. Fresh air, outdoor games, walking, swimming, and exercise play significant role in strengthening the muscles, and thereby avoiding constipation.