Anti-Zionism is not Anti-Semitism
A 130 Year Record of Religious Jewish Opposition to Zionism
Don’t Equate Zionism with Judaism
Real Torah Jews against Zionism
The difference between Real Judaism and Zionist
Zionism: Real Jew reveals the Truth
Rabbi Israel Domb explains the Neturei Karta & Jews United Against Zionism Movement;
Shocking Video: Zionist Thugs Beating Up Jewish Rabbis;
Shocking Photo | Zionist forces beat up a Jewish man supporting peace for Palestine
Shocking Photo | Zionist policeofficer keeps Jewish men in head clamp
Shocking Photo | Zionist forces tackle a Jewish man in support of peace with Palestine
Shocking Photo | Most moral Israeli forces abuse and violate a Jewish man supporting peace for Palestine
ZIONIST CRIMES AGAINST PEOPLE OF OTHER RELIGIONS
Zionist Crimes against Christianity – Zionists target Christians as well, 100.000 were expelled from Palestine during the Nakba to create “Israel”
Not even all zionists are Jewish. What sort of Christians become Zionists? Wake Up From Your Slumber
VIDEOS OF ZIONIST VIOLENCE AGAINST CHRISTIANS
(Video 1) Zionists mocking Jesus .. on Television, watch for yourself:
(Video 2) Israeli zionists calling Jesus a “stupid bastard”
(Video 3) Israeli Settler brags and taunts about how “Jesus was killed by Jews”
(Video 4) Christian pilgrims attacked by Zionists because of their faith: “Go back to Jesus”
(Video 5) Christians praising the Lord attack and taunted by Zionists
In this process of using and abusing anyone, zionists even cuddle up with NEO NAZIS, they don’t mind at all about a holocaust or THAT past,
For anything that will aid to the Greater Israel, will be (ab)used:
Zionism even invites hate pastors and holocaust deniers into Knesset : (as long as they are of use)
Israel. Not looking for Peace. Nor Talks. But this…The Greater Israel. Including map as publish by the zionist movement
AIPAC 101 The Video every American should watch
The Voice of America – Part 1 The Orange and the Pea
AIPAC: The Voice of America – Part 2 The Treasonous Dollar Drain
Treason by Members of the United States Congress
IS THERE MORE? YES!
ZIONIST VIOLENCE AND ETHNIC CLEANSING OF AFRICANS
Africans are being ethnic cleansed too.
Woman in an Israeli bus: “It’s all black. Film that garbage” “Goldstein Dawn” video by @davidsheen
Woman in an Israeli bus: “Israel is conquered.. Look the whole bus!” “Goldstein Dawn” video by @davidsheen
GOLDSTEIN DAWN | Israelis vs. Africans ~ a Must See #Video by @davidsheen
Meet Israel: “We need a tsunami on all of #Gaza. Every pregnant Arab woman has a terrorist inside her,”
ActiveStills Gallery of Refugees
An article about last year’s “Kick-the-Africans-out-of-Israel”-themed Hannukah party
Zionism is no Judaism. It’s plain Racism.
FOR INFORMATION ABOUT TRUE JUDAISM CONTACT OR FOLLOW
HOW TO DEAL WITH ZIONISM
Oppose – Expose – Dispose ~ by @docjazzmusic
Originally posted on Occupied Palestine | فلسطين:
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Anti-Zionism is not Anti-Semitism
Arianism, Christ, Christianity, God, Holy Spirit, Islam, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus, Jews, Judaism, Monotheism, Mormonism (LDS), Muslims, Nicene Creed, Quotes, religion, The Da Vinci Code, The Doctrine Of The Trinity, Trinity, Unitarianism, World
Christians regards their religion as monotheistic, since Christianity teaches the existence of one God – Yahweh, the God of the Jews. It shares this belief with two other major world religions, Judaism and Islam.
However, Christian monotheism is a unique kind of monotheism. It holds that God is One, but that three distinct “persons” constitute the one God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This unique threefold God of Christian belief is referred to as the Trinity (from Latin trinitas, “three”).
Fast Facts on the Trinity
- The word “Trinity” does not appear in the Bible
- The word “Trinity” was first used by Tertullian (c.155-230)
- The doctrine of the Trinity is commonly expressed as: “One God, three Persons”
- The doctrine is formally defined in the Nicene Creed, which declares Jesus to be: “God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father.”
- Past and present Christian faiths who do not believe in the Trinity include:
- Arianism (4th century)
- Some Radical Reformers (16th century), such as Michael Servetus
- Jehovah’s Witnesses
- Reasons given for rejecting the doctrine of the Trinity include:
- It is not mentioned in the Bible
- It does not make philosophical sense
- It is not compatible with monotheism
- It is not necessary in order to explain the “specialness” of Jesus
- Reasons given for believing in the Trinity include:
- It is taught indirectly in various statements in the Bible
- It explains the divinity of Jesus and the Holy Spirit while affirming monotheism
- It would not be expected that the nature of God would make sense to human minds
- The early ecumenical councils (primarily Nicea) are authoritative
History of the Doctrine of the Trinity
The doctrine of the Trinity took centuries to develop, but the roots of the doctrine can be seen from the first century.
The word “Trinity” is not found in the New Testament, nor is the doctrine explicitly taught there. However, foundations of the concept of the Trinity can be seen in the New Testament, especially in the Gospel of John, one of the latest and most theologically developed of the New Testament books.
1: Hints of Trinitarian beliefs can also be seen in the teachings of extra-biblical writers as early as the end of the first century. 2 However, the clearest early expression of the concept came with Tertullian, a Latin theologian who wrote in the early third century. Tertullian coined the words “Trinity” and “person” and explained that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit were “one in essence – not one in Person.”
2: About a century later, in 325, the Council of Nicea set out to officially define the relationship of the Son to the Father, in response to the controversial teachings of Arius. Led by bishop Athanasius, the council established the doctrine of the Trinity as orthodoxy and condemned Arius’ teaching that Christ was the first creation of God. The creed adopted by the council described Christ as “God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance (homoousios) with the Father.”
3: Nicea did not end the controversy, however. Debate over how the creed (especially the phrase “one substance”) ought to be interpreted continued to rage for decades. One group advocated the doctrine that Christ was a “similar substance” (homoiousios) as the Father. But for the most part, the issue of the Trinity was settled at Nicea and, by the fifth century, never again became a focus of serious controversy.
3: Most post-Nicene theological discussion of the Trinity consisted of attempts to understand and explain such a unique concept. Gregory of Nyssa, in his treatise, That There are Not Three Gods, compared the divinity shared by the three persons of the Trinity to the common “humanness,” or human nature, that is shared by individual human beings. (Ironically, this initially promising explanation has been seen by some to yield a conclusion quite opposite than the title of his work.)
4: Saint Augustine, one of the greatest thinkers of the early church, described the Trinity as comparable to the three parts of an individual human being: mind, spirit, and will. They are three distinct aspects, yet they are inseparable and together constitute one unified human being.
Modern Denominational Statements on the Trinity
There are many differences in doctrine between various mainstream Christian denominations, but the doctrine of the Trinity is not one of them.
The mystery of the Most Holy Trinity is the central mystery of the Christian faith and of Christian life.
– Roman Catholicism
The fundamental truth of the Orthodox Church is the faith revealed in the True God: the Holy Trinity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. – Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
We teach that the one true God. is the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost, three distinct persons, but of one and the same divine essence, equal in power, equal in eternity, equal in majesty, because each person possesses the one divine essence .– Lutheran Church (Missouri Synod)
We trust in the one triune God. – Presbyterian Church (USA)
The eternal triune God reveals Himself to us as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, with distinct personal attributes, but without division of nature, essence, or being. – Southern Baptist Convention
There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; the maker and preserver of all things, both visible and invisible. And in unity of this Godhead there are three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. – United Methodist Church
Critics of the Trinitarian Doctrine, Past and Present
Despite its widespread acceptance among Christians, the doctrine of the Trinity has been a stumbling block to many non-Christians throughout its history. The fiercely monotheistic Jews rejected the idea of the Trinity since it first arose, it has been similarly rejected by Islam since that religion was founded, and many other men and women of all backgrounds have found the concept difficult to understand or accept.
This section provides a brief summary of groups and individuals who have rejected the Trinity, presented in roughly chronological order.
In the New Testament, Jews are described as rejecting Jesus’ claims apparent claims to divinity, accusing him of blasphemy. In the Gospel of Mark, for instance, Jesus forgives a man’s sins and some Jewish teachers thought to themselves: “Why does this fellow talk like that? He’s blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?” 5 In the Gospel of John, some Jews began to stone Jesus, explaining that they did so “for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”
The great Jewish philosopher Maimonides also rejected the Trinitarian beliefs of Christians.
In his aversion to what he considered to be Christian dilutions of pure monotheism, especially in its doctrine of the Trinity, much of Maimonides’ philosophical critique of Christian theology is similar to Islamic arguments against it. In his earlier work, Maimonides translated his theoretical disdain of Christianity into practice. He deemed Christians to be idolators and bemoaned the fact that political necessity forced many European Jews to live in Christian societies. 7
Today, Jewish counter-missionary movements like “Jews for Judaism” seek to educate Jews about why belief in the Trinity is incompatible with Judaism.
Arianism is the name given to an anti-Trinitarian belief system taught by Arius, an elder in the Alexandrian church, in the early fourth century AD. Arius affirmed the uniqueness of God and denied the complete divinity of the Son (Christ). He taught instead that Christ was a created and changeable being, who, while superior to humans, is not of the same order as the one God.
Arius and Arianism were condemned at the famous Council of Nicea in 325 AD, which proclaimed that the Son was of “the same substance” as the Father. After Constantine’s death, however, Arianism flourished again for some decades and almost overcame the Nicene party. Arianism was finally condemned at the Council of Constantinople in 381 AD.
The sacred text of Islam, the Qur’an (or Koran), explicitly denies the doctrine of the Trinity. It appears to understand the Christian Trinity as being the Father, Son and Mary:
And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): ‘O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) ! Did you say unto men: Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’ He will say: ‘Glory be to you! It was not for me to say that which I had no right (to say).
The Jehovah’s Witnesses, a Christian group founded in the United States, rejects the doctrine of the Trinity. Instead, it teaches a doctrine similar to that of Arius in the fourth century – Christ is the Son of God, a special being, created by God before the beginning of time, but not equal with God. Witnesses regard Arius as a forerunner of Charles Taze Russell, their movement’s founder. 9
A Jehovah’s Witness brochure entitled “Beliefs and Customs that God Hates” includes the Trinity, saying:
Is Jehovah a Trinity-three persons in one God? No! Jehovah, the Father, is “the only true God.” (John 17:3; Mark 12:29) Jesus is His firstborn Son, and he is subject to God. (1 Corinthians 11:3) The Father is greater than the Son. (John 14:28) The holy spirit is not a person; it is God’s active force.-Genesis 1:2; Acts 2:18.
In addition to the Bible verses cited above, Witnesses point out that it was the secular Emperor who proposed the doctrine of Christ as “same substance” with God, not the bishops present, and that the doctrine of the Trinity (i.e., including the divinity of the Holy Spirit) was not actually brought forth at Nicea at all. Jehovah’s Witnesses also argue that the Athanasian Creed, which sets forth the doctrine more clearly, was not only probably not written by Athanasius himself, but may not have been composed until the fifth century. Finally, they note the presence of Trinitarian-type beliefs in pagan religion, and argue that paganism is the source of the Christian doctrine of the Trinity as well.
Mormons believe that the Godhead is made up of three distinct beings who are “one in purpose” but not in being. Jesus is affirmed as Son of God, but not God himself. He is a created spirit.
“Unitarianism” is the doctrine of the oneness of God, with the resultant denial of the Trinity. Today, the doctrine of unitarianism is expressed by the Unitarian Universalist Association and similar groups, which have their historical roots in sixteenth-century eastern Europe. Historically, Unitarian Universalists are defined by their rejection of the Trinity and their belief in the ultimate salvation of all humanity.
Today, however, Unitarians draw from a variety of religious traditions and do not focus on doctrine and creeds as much as love and justice between human beings. Because of this de-emphasis on doctrine, modern Unitarian Universalist arguments against the Trinity are scarce. However, the official Web site of the Unitarian Univeralist Association describes the early history of their beliefs this way:
During the first three centuries of the Christian church, believers could choose from a variety of tenets about Jesus. Among these was a belief that Jesus was an entity sent by God on a divine mission. Thus the word “Unitarian” developed, meaning the oneness of God. Another religious choice in the first three centuries of the Common Era (CE) was universal salvation. This was the belief that no person would be condemned by God to eternal damnation in a fiery pit. Thus a Universalist believed that all people will be saved. Christianity lost its element of choice in 325 CE when the Nicene Creed established the Trinity as dogma. For centuries thereafter, people who professed Unitarian or Universalist beliefs were persecuted. 11
The Da Vinci Code
Although neither a scholarly nor a religious source, Dan Brown’s novel The Da Vinci Code is mentioned here because it has been widely read and it claims to present numerous “historical facts” about the development of the Trinity and other aspects of early Christianity. At one point in the novel, a learned character explains that the Trinity was unheard of until the Emperor Constantine enforced the foreign idea of Christ’s divinity on Christendom. Brown writes, “until that moment in history, Jesus was viewed by His followers as a mortal prophet … a great and powerful man, but a man nonetheless.” This is not historically accurate. For more information on The Da Vinci Code as it relates to Christian history and theology, see the feature article on the subject.
- E.g., Matthew 28:19; John 1:1; John 10:30.
- Epistle of Ignatius to the Ephesians (Ante-Nicene Fathers 1.58); The Martyrdom of Polycarp 14 (ANF 1.42).
- ANF 3.621; c. 213 AD.
- William Placher, Readings in the History of Christian Theology, 53.
- Mark 2:7.
- John 10:33.
- David Novak, “The Mind of Maimonides.” First Things, February 1999.
- “Arianism.” Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service, 2004.
- “How Did the Trinity Doctrine Develop?” Watchtower.org.
- “Our Historic Faith.” Unitarian Universalist Association.
- The Doctrine Of The Trinity (justsimplyinlove.wordpress.com)
The orthodox protesters were angry at the news of a Jewish rabbi arrested for his attempts to stop the destruction of Jewish graves by the Israeli regime.
Holding the title of “an outcry of British Jews against Israeli tyranny”, the Jewish rabbis said the Israeli regime suppresses religious freedoms and that it persecute, intimidate, and silence the voices of legitimate demonstrators.
Condemning the Israel’s massacre of Palestinians, the protesters said they believe the violations of human rights committed by the Israeli regime is a major factor in rising anti-Semitism around the world.
Allah, Anger, Beauty, Current Issues, God, Hate, Human, Islam, Israel, Israel-Palestine, Israelis, Jew, Judaism, Life, Men, Middle East, Palestine, religion, Videos, Wars, Washington DC, Women, World, Youth, Zionism, Zionist, Zionists
Anti-Zionists Holocaust Survivor
A holocaust survivor speaks of Israel as being like Nazi Germany
This Video is to show the Jewish Community around the world among others who are outraged that there religion Judaism has been hijacked by Zionists who happen to be secular. The Zionists are using the sympathy of the Jews from events in World War 2 to justify there Brutal Occupation of Palestine and the Ethnic Cleansing of Arabs from the region. The Recent Assault on Gaza Has united people around the world with a common enemy which is zionism and this will help bring Justice to the Oppressed, We Recognise Jews Who stand with the palestinians and a message sent from all quarters of the world to the Palestinians You Are Not Alone.
From the River To The Sea Palestine Will Be Free. Inshallah
Video Taken From Al Jazeera
Fox interview of a Rabbi against Israel’s zionism
More than 3,000 European Jews, including prominent intellectuals, have signed a petition speaking out against Israeli settlement policies and warning that systematic support for the Israeli government is dangerous.
March in Washington DC on July 6, 2010, protesting the State Israeli and its cruel behavior. http://www.nkusa.org/activities/Demonstrations/20100705.cfm
Iran has the biggest Jewish community in the Middle East after Israel
Rabbi Yirmiyahu Cohen, interviewed by Graham Witherspoon of the Gilchrist Experience, explains why the Jews were exiled and why the establishment of the Zionist state is contrary to the teachings of the Bible and the Jewish Faith..
At a protest against the State of Israel, on May 18, 2009 during the visit of Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu to the White House, Rabbi Boruch Fisch is explaining the Jewish religious opposition the philosophy of Zionism and the State of Israel.
The continuous Israeli aggression on Gaza has left hundreds dead and thousands injured. As a result, people protested from Israel and Yemen to London and New York City.
It is important to note that there are many Jews that are not Zionist and in fact against Zionism.
Zionism was condemned by the United Nations with a resolution that said ‘Zionism is Racism’ and that is true Wallahi. Unfortunately, that resolution was taken back after intense pressure from the United States. (United States government was pressured by AIPAC and Israel)
On March 10, 2009 Anti-Zionist Orthodox Jews in the United States, Canada and England burned the flag of the so-called state of ‘Israel” to protest the actions and existence of the Zionist state which is totally contrary to traditional Jewish teaching and beliefs. This event has been taking place annually during the Jewish Holiday period of “Purim”.
on June 17, 2010, Anti-Zionist Orthodox Jews protested outside the offices of Friends Of the Israel Antiquities Authority in New York City, to condemn its ongoing shameful desecration of Jewish law by destroying ancient burial graves of holy sages dating back as far as 2000 years ago
Allah, Anger, Auschwitz survivor, Beauty, Christianity, Christians, Current Issues, Death, God, Hate, Heart, Human, Islam, Israel Acts Like Nazis, Judaism, Life, Lord, Men, Music Video, Muslims, Relationship, religion, Victory, Videos, Wars, Women, World, Youth, Zionists
One of the last remaining Auschwitz survivors has launched a blistering attack on Israel over its occupation of Palestine as he began a lecture tour of Scotland.
Dr Hajo Meyer, 86, who survived 10 months in the Nazi death camp, spoke out as his 10-day tour of the UK and Ireland – taking in three Scottish venues – got under way.
Dr Meyer also attended hearings at Edinburgh Sheriff Court on Thursday, where five pro-Palestine campaigners are accused of racially aggravated conduct after disrupting a concert by the Jerusalem Quartet at the city’s Queen’s Hall.
Speaking as his tour got under way, Dr Meyer said there were parallels between the treatment of Jews by Germans in the Second World War and the current treatment of Palestinians by Israelis.
He said: “The Israelis tried to dehumanise the Palestinians, just like the Nazis tried to dehumanise me. Nobody should dehumanise any other and those who try to dehumanise another are not human.
“It may be that Israel is not the most cruel country in the world … but one thing I know for sure is that Israel is the world champion in pretending to be civilised and cultured.”
Dr Meyer was born in 1924 in Bielefeld, Germany. He was not allowed to attend school there after November 1938. He then fled to the Netherlands, alone. In 1944, after a year in the underground, he was caught by the Gestapo and survived 10 months at Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland.
He now lives in the Netherlands, and is the author of three books on Judaism, the Holocaust and Zionism.
Dr Meyer also insisted the definition of “anti-Semitic” had now changed, saying: “Formerly an anti-Semite was somebody who hated Jews because they were Jews and had a Jewish soul. But nowadays an anti-Semite is somebody who is hated by Jews.”
A spokesman for the International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network, of which Dr Meyer is a member, said criticising Israel was “not the same” as criticising Jews.
Mick Napier, Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign chairman and one of the five demonstrators facing charges when the court case continues in March, said: “Palestinians are happy to have him as an ally in their cause.
“Hajo knows that Israel has a long history of abusing the tragic history of the Holocaust in order to suppress legitimate criticism of its own crimes.
“Especially since Gaza, people are no longer taken in by their claim that anyone that criticises Israel is anti-Semitic.”
Definition of blaspheme; speak irreverently about God or sacred things: such as he has blasphemed against the Holy Spirit.
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for a religious deity or the irreverence towards religious or holy persons or things. Some countries have laws to punish blasphemy, while others have laws to give recourse to those who are offended by blasphemy. Those laws may discourage blasphemy as a matter of blasphemous libel, vilification of religion, religious insult, or hate speech.
The word “blasphemy” came via Middle English blasfemen and Old French blasfemer and Late Latin blasphemare from Greekβλασφημέω, from βλάπτω = “I injure” and φήμη = “reputation”. From blasphemare also came Old French blasmer, from which English “blame” came. Blasphemy: ‘from Gk. blasphemia “a speaking ill, impious speech, slander,” from blasphemein “to speak evil of.”‘ ”In the sense of speaking evil of God this word is found in Ps. 74:18; Isa. 52:5; Rom. 2:24; Rev. 13:1, 6; 16:9, 11, 21. It denotes also any kind of calumny, or evil-speaking, or abuse (1 Kings 21:10; Acts 13:45; 18:6, etc.).”
In some countries with a state religion blasphemy is outlawed under the criminal code. Such laws can be used to victimize non-members of, and dissident members of, the state religion.
The satirical Alexamenos graffito is believed to be the earliest known representation of Jesus.
Christian theology condemns blasphemy. It is spoken of in Mark 3:29, where blaspheming the Holy Spirit is spoken of as unforgivable—the eternal sin. However, there is dispute over what form this blasphemy may take and whether it qualifies as blasphemy in the conventional sense; and over the meaning of “unforgivable”. In 2 Kings 18, the Rabshakeh gave the word from the king of Assyria, dissuading trust in the Lord, asserting that God is no more able to deliver than all the gods of the land. In Matthew 9:2, Jesus spoke the words “Your sins are forgiven you”; He was accused of blasphemy, since only God can forgive sins, although Christians believe that Jesus is God and hence entitled to do so.Blasphemy has been condemned as a serious, or even the most serious, sin by the major creeds and Church theologians.
- Thomas Aquinas says that “it is clear that blasphemy, which is a sin committed directly against God, is more grave than murder, which is a sin against one’s neighbor. … it is called the most grievous sin, for as much as it makes every sin more grievous.”
- The Book of Concord calls blasphemy “the greatest sin that can be outwardly committed”.
- The Baptist Confession of Faith says: “Therefore, to swear vainly or rashly by the glorious and awesome name of God…is sinful, and to be regarded with disgust and detestation. …For by rash, false, and vain oaths, the Lord is provoked and because of them this land mourns.”
- The Heidelberg Catechism answers question 100 about blasphemy by stating that “no sin is greater or provokes God’s wrath more than the blaspheming of His Name”.
- The Westminster Larger Catechism explains that “The sins forbidden in the third commandment are, the abuse of it in an ignorant, vain, irreverent, profane…mentioning…by blasphemy…to profane jests, …vain janglings, …to charms or sinful lusts and practices.”
- Calvin found it intolerable “when a person is accused of blasphemy, to lay the blame on the ebullition of passion, as if God were to endure the penalty whenever we are provoked.”
Catholic prayers and reparations for blasphemy
In the Catholic Church, there are specific prayers and devotions as Acts of Reparation for blasphemy. For instance, The Golden Arrow Holy Face Devotion (Prayer) first introduced by Sister Marie of St Peter in 1844 is recited “in a spirit of reparation for blasphemy”. This devotion (started by Sister Marie and then promoted by the Venerable Leo Dupont) was approved by Pope Leo XIII in 1885. The Raccolta Catholic prayer book includes a number of such prayers. The Five First Saturdays devotions are done with the intention in the heart of making reparation to the Blessed Mother for blasphemies against her, her name and her holy initiatives.The Holy See has specific “Pontifical organizations” for the purpose of the reparation of blasphemy through Acts of Reparation to Jesus Christ, e.g. the Pontifical Congregation of the Benedictine Sisters of the Reparation of the Holy Face.
The penalties attached to blasphemy
In the Old Law the blasphemer was punished by death. So God appointed on the occasion of theblasphemy of Salumith’s son: “The man that curseth His God, shall bear his sin: And he thatblasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die: all the multitude shall stone him, whether he be a native or a stranger. He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die” (Leviticus 24:15-16). Upon hearing blasphemy the Jews were wont in detestation of the crime to rend their clothes (2 Kings 18:37, 19:l; Matthew 26:65).
Among the Athenians blasphemy was actionable and according to Plutarch, Alcibiades was made to suffer the confiscation of his goods for ridiculing the rites of Ceres and Proserpine (Plutarch, Alcibiades). Among the ancient Romans blasphemy was punishable, though not by death. In the time of Justinian we find most severe enactments against this sin. In a constitution of A.D. 538 the people are called upon to abstain from blasphemy, which provokes God to anger. The prefect of the city is commanded to apprehend all such as shall persist in their offence after this admonition and put them to death, that so the city and the empire may not suffer because of their impiety (Auth. Col., Tit. vii, 7 November). Among the Visigoths, anyone blaspheming the name of Christ or expressing contempt of the Trinity had his head shorn, was subjected to a hundred stripes, and suffered perpetual imprisonment in chains. Among the Franks, according to a law enacted at the Diet of Aachen, A.D. 818, this sin was a capital offence. In the Gospels blasphemy is described as one of “the things that defile a man” (Matthew 15:20; Mark 7:21-23).
Medieval canon law punished the blasphemer most severely. By a decree of the thirteenth century one convicted of blasphemy was compelled to stand at the door of the church during the solemnities of the Mass for seven Sundays, and on the last of these days, divested of cloak and shoes, he was to appear with a rope about his neck. Obligations of fasting and alms-giving were likewise imposed under heaviest penalties (Decret., lib. V, tit. xxvi). The rigours of the ancient discipline were insisted upon by Pius V in his Constitution “Cum primum apostolatus” (p. 10). According to the law herein laid down, the layman found guilty of blasphemy was fined. The fine was increased upon his second offence, and upon his third he was sent into exile. If unable to pay the fine, he was upon the first conviction condemned to stand before the door of the church, his hands tied behind him. For the second offence he was flogged, and for the third his tongue was pierced, and he was sentenced to the galleys. The blasphemous cleric, if possessed of a benefice, lost upon his first offence a year’s income; upon his second he was deprived of his benefice and exiled. If enjoying no benefice, he was first subjected to a fine and bodily punishment; on repeating the offence he was imprisoned, and still persisting, he was degraded and condemned to the galleys.
Writer Salman Rushdie was accused of blasphemy and subject of a fatwā issued byAyatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, in February 1989.
Christianity In Britain’s last blasphemy execution, 20-year-old Thomas Aikenhead was executed for the crime in 1697. He was prosecuted for denying the veracity of the Old Testament and the legitimacy of Christ’s miracles.
The Quran and the hadith do not mention blasphemy. According to Pakistani religious scholar, Javed Ahmed Ghamidi, nothing in Islam supports blasphemy law. Rather,Muslim jurists made the offense part of Sharia; the penalties for blasphemy can include fines, imprisonment, flogging, amputation, hanging, or beheading. Muslim clerics may call for the punishment of an alleged blasphemer by issuing a fatwa.
In the third book of the Torah, Leviticus 24:16 states that he that blasphemes the name of the LORD ”shall surely be put to death”. See also List of capital crimes in the Torah. The Seven laws of Noah, which Judaism sees as applicable to all people, prohibit blasphemy.
The United Nations
Blasphemy has been used to mean “irreverence” in a non-religious context. Sir Francis Bacon uses “blasphemy” in this way in Advancement of Learning, where he speaks of “blasphemy against teaching”.”Blasphemy” may be used as a substitute for “profanity” or “cursing” as it is used in this sentence: “With much hammering and blasphemy, the locomotive’s replacement spring was finally fitted.”In contemporary language, the notion of blasphemy is often used hyperbolically. This usage has garnered some interest among linguists recently, and the word ‘blasphemy’ is a common case used for illustrative purposes.