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Month Of Ramadan

As the Month Ramadan is approaching and will to start soon, I am posting this article is about the Islamic calendar month called Ramadan. I hope my fellow bloggers and friends will have better understanding and having some knowledge of Ramadan. I am very grateful to all my beautiful minds who always being so supportive to my space. I LOVE you all :)

Islamic Calendar;

  1. Muharram
  2. Safar
  3. Rabi’ al-awwal
  4. Rabi’ al-thani
  5. Jumada al-awwal
  6. Jumada al-thani
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha’aban
  9. Ramadan
  10. Shawwal
  11. Dhu al-Qi’dah
  12. Dhu al-Hijjah


Ramadan
 (Arabic: رمضان) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and the month in which the Qura’n was revealed.

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The month is spent by Muslimsfasting during the daylight hours from dawn to sunset. Muslims believe that the Qur’an was sent down to the lowest heaven during this month, thus being prepared for gradual revelation by the Angel Jibraeel(Gabriel) to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Furthermore, Muhammad told his followers that the gates ofHeaven would be open all the month and the gates of Hell (Jahannum) would be closed. The first three days of the next month, Shawwal, is spent in celebrations and is observed as the “Festival of Breaking Fast” or `Eid ul-Fitr.

Timing;

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year and contains no intercalation, Ramadan migrates throughout the seasons. The Islamic day starts after sunset. Many Muslims insist on the local physical sighting of the moon to mark the beginning of Ramadan, but others use the calculated time of the new moon or the Saudi Arabian declaration to determine the start of the month. Since the new moon is not in the same state at the same time globally, the beginning and ending dates of Ramadan depend on what lunar sightings are received in each respective location. As a result, Ramadan dates vary in different countries, but usually only by a day. This is due to the cycle of the moon. When one country sees the moon, mainly Saudi Arabia, the moon travels the same path all year round and that same moon seen in the east is then seen traveling towards the west. All the countries around the world see the moon within a 24 hour period once spotted by one country in the east.

Each year, Ramadan begins about eleven days earlier than in the previous year. Astronomical projections that approximate the start of Ramadan are available. It takes about 33 years and 5 days for Ramadan to complete a twelve month move across the yearly calendar. As Ramadan March 28, 1990 to Ramadan March 22, 2023.

Events;

Ramadan is observed by Muslims during the entire lunar month by the same name. The month of religious observances consists of fasting and extra prayers.

02 Ramadan, the Torah (Tawrat) was bestowed on Moses (Musa). (According to Shia Islam)

10 Ramadan, death of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid – first wife of Muhammad

12 Ramadan, the Gospel (Injil) was bestowed on Jesus (Isa). (According to Shia Islam)

15 Ramadan, birth of Hasan ibn Ali

17 Ramadan, the Battle of Badr was won by the Muslims.

18 Ramadan, the Psalms (Zabur) were bestowed on David (Dawood). (According to Shia Islam)

19 Ramadan, Ali bin Abu Talib was struck on the head by a sword.

21 Ramadan, Ali bin Abu Talib died due to injuries he sustained by a sword.

Laylat al-Qadr is observed during one of the last ten odd numbered days of the month. Muslims believe that this night which is also known as “The Night of Destiny” is better than a thousand months. This is often interpreted as praying throughout this night is rewarded equally with praying for a thousand months (just over 83 years i.e. a lifetime). Many Muslims spend the entire night in prayer. 

In the Ottoman Empire, the sultan presented trays of baklava to the Janissaries in a ceremonial procession called the Baklava Alayı.

10 Ramadan, in 1973, Operation Badr took place, starting the Yom Kippur War.